Casualties of women’s rights under the theocratic regime in Iran.

The 1979 Islamic Revolution crippled women’s rights in Iran by suspending the Family Protection Law, removing women’s rights to divorce, marriage, and child custody. Despite partial restorations of women’s rights—for example, during the Iran–Iraq war of the 1980s Ayatollah Khomeini granted widows some inheritance and child custody rights —Iran still ranks among the bottom dozen countries on legal discrimination. Patriarchal attitudes compound legal injustice, and adverse gender norms still shape behavior. Nearly two in five Iranian men believe that it is unacceptable for women to work outside the home, and 15 percent of women have experienced intimate partner violence in the past year.

Source: Mahnaz Afkhami, Women’s Learning Partnership, drawing on Afkhami, Ertürk, and Mayer (2019).