Breadcrumbs

Organized violence in Myanmar worsens due to violations against Rohingya.

Myanmar plunged 31 places since the first edition of the WPS Index. Its rank of 150 reflects, among other things, the worst rate of organized violence in the region. Military violence against Rohingya Muslims in Rakhine State has caused enormous suffering and led to massive displacement. There have been systemic, ongoing oppression and gross human rights violations against Rohingya, including harassment, extortion, and sexual violence. Performance on the inclusion and justice fronts is mixed. The militarization that has characterized Myanmar since the 1960s has perpetuated a patriarchal political system and discriminatory gender norms. While Aung San Suu Kyi is the state counsellor, only one in eight members of parliament are women. Myanmar has 35 discriminatory laws against women. The 2008 constitution guarantees equal rights and protection before the law, but it also focuses on women’s role as caretaker and child-bearer, while fewer than half (48.5 percent) of women are employed.