Madison Schramm is a PhD Candidate in International Relations at Georgetown University. Her research focuses on international security, the domestic politics of foreign policy, and gender and foreign policy. Her dissertation explores the dynamics that intensify conflict between democracies and personalist regimes. The proposed explanation emphasizes the role of cognitive biases and social identity in shaping how democratic elites respond to threats posed by personalist leaders. She has previously worked with the Council on Foreign Relations; the Berkley Center for Religion, Peace, and World Affairs; Yale University’s Political Violence FieldLab; the RAND Corporation; and International Studies Quarterly. Madison received her BA from Sarah Lawrence College and her MA in Government from Georgetown University.