Country Profile: FGM in Senegal
This Country Profile provides comprehensive information on FGM in Senegal, detailing current research on FGM and providing information on the political, anthropological and sociological contexts in which FGM is practised. It also reflects on how to strengthen anti-FGM programmes and accelerate the eradication of this harmful practice. The purpose of this report is to enable those committed to ending FGM through the provision of information, to shape their own policies and practice to create positive, sustainable change. It is estimated that 25.7% of girls and women (aged 15-49) have undergone FGM in Senegal (DHS/MICS, 2010-11). This rate has not changed significantly in recent years (UNICEF, 2013). There is only a slight variation in FGM prevalence by place of residence, with 23.4% of women and girls having had FGM in urban areas and 27.8% in rural areas. However, the majority of Senegalese residents reside in rural areas and Dakar, the capital, contains 49% of the country’s urban population and has a prevalence rate of 20.1%. The regions with the highest prevalence rates are in the south and east: Kedougou (92%), Matam (87%), Sedhiou (86%) and Tambacounda and Kolda (both 85%). The regions with the lowest prevalence are in the west: Diourbel (1%), Thies and Louga (both 4%), Kaolack (6%) and Fatick (7%). These regional differences have complex roots beyond ethnicity and are partly due to historical, political, economic, and colonial influences.