Women, Peace and Security Index 2017-18

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Executive Summary

The new global Women, Peace, and Security (WPS) Index introduced in this report bridges insights from gender and development indices with those from peace and security indices. The index incorporates three basic dimensions of well- being—inclusion (economic, social, political); justice (formal laws and informal discrimination); and security (at the family, community, and societal levels)—and captures and quantifies them through 11 indicators. It ranks 153 countries—covering more than 98 percent of the world’s population—along these three dimensions in a way that focuses attention on key achievements and major shortcomings. It reflects a shared vision that countries are more peaceful and prosperous when women are accorded full and equal rights and opportunity. A primary goal of the index is to accelerate progress on both the international Women, Peace and Security agenda and the Sustainable Development Goals, bringing partners together around an agenda for women’s inclusion, justice, and security. It offers opportunities for stakeholders to review and discuss challenges and to identify opportunities for trans- formative change. It highlights key priorities, points toward a roadmap of needed reforms, and can inform more effective partnerships and collaboration.

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Chapter 1: Why a New Index Is Needed

Global indices are a way to assess and compare national progress against such goals, by distilling an array of complex information into a single number and ranking. But while there are a growing number of global indices, none has brought together the three critical dimensions of women’s inclusion, justice, and security. Gender indices are typically limited to indicators of inclusion, such as whether women complete secondary school or are in paid work. These aspects of inclusion are undoubtedly important, but they are incomplete in the absence of aspects of justice and security. It is surely misleading to focus on girls’ schooling where girls are not safe in their home or community. Likewise, traditional measures of security include an array of conflict indicators and assessments but invariably ignore systematic bias and discrimination against women and girls. The global Women, Peace, and Security (WPS) Index introduced in this report bridges insights from gender and development indices with those from peace and security indices in a way that is simple and transparent and that reflects women’s autonomy and empowerment as agents at home, in the community, and in society. (12 pages)

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Chapter 2: Key Results, Regional and Country Highlights

This chapter highlights the major results and insights that emerge from an analysis of country rankings on the Women, Peace, and Security (WPS) Index and its dimensions and indicators. The global rankings of 153 countries reveal that alongside some good performers that do well across the board, many others perform unevenly. Large differences within regions illustrate the feasibility of improvements in countries that are below their neighbors’ standards. We high- light the top and bottom country performers, and investigate the role of income and correlations among dimensions, followed by a deeper dive into the innovative features of the justice dimension. (17 pages)

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Chapter 3: Why Security is Important

The inclusion of security is a major innovation of the Women, Peace, and Security (WPS) Index, captured at several levels that are crucial for women’s well-being: the home and family, the community, and society. This focus reflects the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and the global consensus that concerted efforts are needed to eliminate all forms of violence against women at a time when the goal of sustaining peace has moved to the top of the international agenda. All of this motivates a closer look at the indicators that make up the security dimension—intimate partner violence, safety in the community, and organized violence —in this third and final chapter. (9 pages)

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Appendix 1: Index Methodology, Data Normalization, Aggregation, and Construction

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Appendix 2 Regional and Country Groups

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