The United States ranks 22 overall, with key deficits pulling the country’s ranking 13 places below its global ranking on income per capita. On the inclusion dimension, the United States is on par with other countries in the top 25. However, its inclusion score is depressed by women’s low share of parliamentary seats (fewer than one in five: together with Croatia, the United States is the only top 25 country below the global average on this indicator). While countries in much of the world have boosted women’s representation through some type of quota, the United States has not. At current rates of progress, according to the Center for American Women in Politics, it will take more than a century to reach gender parity (Silva 2016).

On justice metrics, the United States ranks among its peers in the top tercile. The World Bank’s Women, Business, and the Law report records no legal differences between men and women. However, the United States has not passed a constitutional amendment barring dis- crimination against women nor is it a signatory to the United Nations Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women. It is also notable that the United States has no legal mandate for equal pay—the gender wage gap in full-time employment aver- ages 20 cents on the dollar and is much wider for non- White women—and the United States and Papua New Guinea are the only countries without legally guaranteed paid maternity leave (ILO 2014). Moreover, the lack of childcare and paid maternity leave make the United States an outlier among rich countries.

The United States ranks 66th on the WPS Index security dimension due primarily to rates of intimate partner violence that are more than 10 percentage points above the mean for developed countries. U.S. society faces a unique crisis of lethal violence against women, given the intersections between domestic abuse and the wide- spread availability of firearms. The risk of homicide for women in a domestic violence situation increases five- fold when a gun is present (Everytown for Gun Safety 2014). As for community security, the United States has an unusually large gender gap: 46 percent of men report feeling safe walking alone at night in their community but only 26 percent of women do, a gender gap of 20 percentage points. The average global gender gap is 7 percentage points.