Breadcrumbs

Dimensions

Justice

Claudia Paz y Paz sits at table

Justice is captured in both formal and informal aspects. It includes the extent of discrimination against women in the legal system. It also measures a bias in favor of sons and exposure to discriminatory norms, specifically those against women in economic opportunities and the world of paid work.

Discriminatory Norms

Discriminatory norms capture discrimination against women in economic opportunities and the world of paid work. Our Index tracks the percentage of men ages 15 years and older who disagreed with the proposition: “It is perfectly acceptable for any woman in your family to have a paid job outside the home if she wants one.”  

Best Country Score: 0%

Worst Country Score: 73%

Global Average: 19%

Son Bias

Son bias reflects a preference for boys, which indicates serious discrimination against girls and women. Our Index captures the extent to which the sex ratio at birth (ratio of number of boys born to number of girls born) exceeds the natural demographic rate of 1.05.

Best Country Score: 1.02

Worst Country Score: 1.16

Global Average: 1.08