China's Multinational Corporations in the Democratic Republic of Congo's Mining Industry: An Afrocentric Critique

  • Citation: Rapanyane, Makhura, and Kgothatso Shai. “China's Multinational Corporations in the Democratic Republic of Congo's Mining Industry: An Afrocentric Critique.” Journal of Public Affairs 20, no. 2 (2019).
    • Topics:
    • Business and Trade
    • Keywords:
    • East Asia
    • Sub-Saharan Africa
    • China
    • Democratic Republic of Congo
    • MNCs
    • mining
    • industry

China’s entrance in Africa in the early 2000s through the Forum on China–Africa Cooperation has apparently signalled several mutual beneficial agreements. However, there is a view that the Asian tiger’s (China) arrival on the African soil was driven by its national interests. Such interests were particularly in the continent’s rich mineral resources complex, which are deemed significant for its own economic boom. This observation reflects that scholars and practitioners alike have not uniformly understood China’s engagement with Africa. Therefore, this paper problematizes what is often cited as the second “scramble for Africa” within the context of the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). It argues that Chinese mining companies’ operations in DRC are no different to the early colonial masters who only came to Africa for nothing else but mineral resources in order to develop their own nations at the peril of Africa’s own development. Based on Afrocentricity as the alternative theoretical lens, this paper seeks to critique the involvement of Chinese Multinational Corporations in the mineral resources complex of DRC. Methodically, this paper relies on document review and analysis in its broadest sense.

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