Diplomacy of Conscience: Amnesty International and Changing Human Rights Norms

  • Citation: Clark, Ann Marie. Diplomacy of conscience: Amnesty International and changing human rights norms. Princeton University Press, 2010.
    • Topics:
    • Human Rights
    • Keywords:
    • Amnesty International
    • human rights awareness
    • nongovernmental actors

A small group founded Amnesty International in 1961 to translate human rights principles into action. Diplomacy of Conscience provides a rich account of how the organization pioneered a combination of popular pressure and expert knowledge to advance global human rights. To an extent unmatched by predecessors and copied by successors, Amnesty International has employed worldwide publicity campaigns based on fact-finding and moral pressure to urge governments to improve human rights practices. Less well known is Amnesty International’s significant impact on international law. It has helped forge the international community’s repertoire of official responses to the most severe human rights violations, supplementing moral concern with expertise and conceptual vision.

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