Global Civil Society and the International Human Rights Movement: Citizen Participation in Human Rights International Nongovernmental Organizations

  • Citation: Tsutsui, Kiyoteru, and Christine Min Wotipka. "Global civil society and the international human rights movement: Citizen participation in human rights international nongovernmental organizations." Social Forces 83.2 (2004): 587-620.
    • Topics:
    • Human Rights
    • Keywords:
    • human rights international nongovernmental organizations (HRINGOs)
    • civil society
    • citizen participation
    • human resources

We examine patterns of citizen participation in the global human rights movement through memberships in human rights international nongovernmental organizations (HRINGOs). After showing enormous growth in the number of HRINGOs in recent decades, we investigate country level characteristics leading to greater participation in the international human rights movement. Drawing on the social movement literature and world society theory, we employ multivariate regression analyses to explain HRINGO memberships in 1978, 1988 and 1998. To understand changes over time, we also use panel analyses for 1978–88 and 1988–98. The strongest predictors of memberships in HRINGOs are found to be embeddedness in global civil society and international flows of human resources. The effects of these international factors grew stronger over time while domestic factors became less important.

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