At a time when international relations theorists are increasingly returning to history to confirm or challenge the neo-realist paradigm,’ Paul Schroeder’s article, “Historical Reality vs. Neo-realist Theory,” is an important addition to the ongoing debate.2 Indeed, in a long and impressive series of scholarly works, Schroeder has consistently contrib- uted to a fruitful dialogue between historians and political scientists.3 In this latest article, Schroeder examines 300 years of international relations and concludes that neo-realism does not provide an adequate explanatory framework for the “general operation and dynamics of the modern European states system.” He therefore advises historians “not to adopt the neo-realist paradigm,” and international relations theorists “not to assume that the facts of international history support one” (p. 148).
History vs. Neo-realism: A Second Look
What Racism Costs Us All
Joseph Losavio. “What Racism Costs Us All.” IMF. September 2020. https://www.imf.org/en/Publications/fandd/issues/2020/09/the-economic-cost-of-racism-losavio.
The Economic Cost of Gender-Based Discrimination in Social Institutions
Gaëlle Ferrant and Alexandre Kolev. “The economic cost of gender-based discrimination in social institutions.” OECD Development Centre. June 2016.