Nine Models for Inclusion of Civil Society in Peace Processes

  • Citation: Williams, Kristin. “Nine Models for Inclusion of Civil Society in Peace Processes.” Institute for Inclusive Security, 2013, 1–11.
    • Topics:
    • Conflict Resolution and Peacebuilding
    • Keywords:
    • mediation
    • credibility
    • inclusion
    • public opinion
    • spoilers
    • international support

Prepared as a background paper for “Building More Inclusive Political Transitions: A Review of the Syrian Case,” this memo summarizes nine case studies of civil society participation in peace processes. The models range from direct representation at the table to non-binding advisory bodies and from official negotiations to informal Track II dialogues. Each example is presented with easy-to-read bullet points and a short paragraph outlining the impact that inclusion of civil society had on both the process and the outcome of building peace and security.

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