The Globalization of Fertility Behavior

  • Citation: Caldwell J.C. (2006) The Globalization of Fertility Behavior. In: Demographic Transition Theory. Springer, Dordrecht.
    • Topics:
    • Transnational Issues
    • Keywords:
    • family planning
    • demographic transition
    • fertility decline
    • family planning program
    • fertility transition

Between the late 1950s and the late 1970s fertility began a persistent major decline in countries containing almost four-fifths of the world’s population. The exceptions that did not follow within a further decade were nearly all found in three regions: sub-Saharan Africa, Arab Southwest Asia, and Melanesia. The range of populations involved in the decline was unpredicted and unprecedented. Few developing countries had ever before had a sustained fertility decline, while the West had immediately beforehand been experiencing either stable fertility levels or, because of the postwar “baby boom,” rising levels.

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