The Rise of China as a Cybersecurity Industrial Power: Balancing National Security, Geopolitical, and Development Priorities

  • Citation: Cheung, Tai Ming. “The Rise of China as a Cybersecurity Industrial Power: Balancing National Security, Geopolitical, and Development Priorities.” Journal of Cyber Policy 3, no. 3 (2018): 306–26.
    • Topics:
    • Conflict and Security
    • Keywords:
    • East Asia
    • China
    • cybersecurity
    • industrial policy

This article examines the development of China’s cybersecurity industry over the past two decades since the arrival of the internet in that country. This analysis takes place from a primarily security and technology perspective because the national security apparatus occupies a powerful presence in China’s cyber affairs. Moreover, the development of the cybersecurity industry is significantly driven by the development of technological capabilities. Key issues explored include: (1) Chinese decision-making and thinking on cybersecurity development within the context of the Chinese leadership’s general approach to development, national security, and technology advancement; (2) the nature and characteristics of recent Chinese cybersecurity-related development strategies and plans; (3) the drivers behind the development of China’s cybersecurity industry, looking especially at market failures, national security rationales, and government intervention; (4) the proliferation of principal actors and coalitions in the Chinese cybersecurity industry and how this influences its development; and (5) the nature of the relationship between the state and cybersecurity firms, in particular examining four types of interactions: the state as a customer; state hiring of talent; the state’s direct regulatory power, and the state as an investor. The article concludes by considering the international implications of China’s rise as an increasingly capable and confident cybersecurity power.

Related Resources

  • Alternative Narratives for Arms Control

    Moodie, Amanda, and Michael Moodie. “Alternative Narratives for Arms Control.” The Nonproliferation Review 17, no. 2 (2010): 301–21.

    • Authors with Diverse Backgrounds
    Keywords: arms control, disarmament, Non-Aligned Movement, small arms, treaty regimes, humanitarian action
  • Women in Arms Control: Time for a Gender Turn?

    Dwan, Renata. “Women in Arms Control: Time for a Gender Turn?” Arms Control Today 49, no. 8 (October 2019): 6–11.

    • Open Source Results
    • Authors with Diverse Backgrounds