The UN Security Council displays a troubling lack of action concerning reports of systematic conflict-related sexual violence. One of its worst failures is its disregard of the Myanmar military’s pattern of brutality and violence, both before and after the military’s coup d’état in February 2021.
The Tatmadaw is responsible for the vast majority of sexual violence in Myanmar including 82 percent of all gang rapes in the country. Their use of sexual violence likely amounts to war crimes and crimes against humanity. The international community’s lack of action has contributed to a culture of impunity that fuels ongoing Tatmadaw abuses and the concerted use of sexual violence.
This report draws on the case of Myanmar to demonstrate that multilateral, coordinated sanctions are an important but underused tool in responding to conflict-related sexual