Education is critical to women’s opportunities, freedom from violence, and health. Years of schooling is a more precise measure than, for example, secondary school completion. Our Index captures the average number of years of education of women ages 25 and older.
Source: UNESCO Institute for Statistics
|Best country score||Germany (13.9)|
|Worst country score||Burkina Faso (1.1)|
Employment reflects women’s economic opportunities, which are central to realizing women’s capabilities. It is preferred to labor force participation because it excludes unemployment. Our Index captures the percentage of women ages 25 and older who are employed.
Source: ILOSTAT database
|Best country score||Burundi (91.8%)|
|Worst country score||Yemen (5.2%)|
Cellphone use is increasingly recognized as core to people’s opportunities to participate in the economy, society, and politics. Our Index captures the percentage of women ages 15 years and older who report having a mobile phone that they use to make and receive personal calls.
Source: Gallup World Poll 2018
|Best Country Score||Libya (100.0%)|
|Worst Country Score||South Sudan (27.0%)|
Financial inclusion allows individuals to smooth consumption, manage risk, be more resilient, invest in education and health, and start and expand a business. Our Index measures the percentage of women ages 15 and older who report having an individual or joint account at a bank or other financial institution or who report using a mobile money service in the past year.
Source: World Bank Global Findex Database
|Best Country Score||Denmark (100.0%)|
|Worst Country Score||Yemen (1.7%)|
This is the most widely available measure of women’s political participation. Our Index captures the percentage of seats held by women in lower and upper houses of national parliament.
Source: Inter-Parliamentary Union
|Best Country Score||Rwanda (55.7%)|
|Worst Country Score||Papua New Guinea (0.0%)|