Discriminatory norms capture discrimination against women in economic opportunities and the world of paid work. Our Index tracks the percentage of men ages 15 years and older who disagreed with the proposition: “It is perfectly acceptable for any woman in your family to have a paid job outside the home if she wants one.”
Source: Gallup and International Labour Organization
|Best Country Score||Canada (0%)|
|Worst Country Score||Pakistan (73%)|
Son bias reflects a preference for boys, which indicates serious discrimination against girls and women. Our Index captures the extent to which the sex ratio at birth (ratio of number of boys born to number of girls born) exceeds the natural demographic rate of 1.05.
Source: United Nations Department of Social and Economic Affairs
|Best Country Score||Sierra Leone (1.02)|
|Worst Country Score||China (1.15)|
Discriminatory laws have adverse repercussions, making it harder for women to own property, open bank accounts, start a business, or take a job and enter professions restricted to men. Our Index captures the aggregate score for laws and regulations that limit women’s ability to participate in society and the economy or that differentiate between men and women.
Source: World Bank, Women Business, and the Law
|Best Country Score||Bosnia and Herzegovina (5)|
|Worst Country Score||Saudi Arabia (54)|