Behind the Masks: Masculinities, Gender, Peace and Security in Myanmar

Authored by: Jana Naujoks, Myat Thandar Ko

Categories: Conflict Prevention, Statebuilding, Violent Conflict
Sub-Categories: Democratization and Political Participation, National Security Forces and Armed Groups, Peacemaking, Security Sector Reform (SSR), Sexual and Gender-Based Violence (SGBV)
Country: Myanmar
Region: East Asia and the Pacific
Year: 2018
Citation: Naujoks, Jana, and Myat Thandar Ko. Behind the Masks: Masculinities, Gender, Peace and Security in Myanmar. Report. November 2018.

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Executive Summary

There is increasing awareness that gender is important in understanding conflict and accumulating evidence that links inclusion to the sustainability of peace. A growing number of programmes are dedicated to addressing this. However, the ‘other side of gender’, that is, the experiences of men and boys, is less well understood. Expectations of masculinity are an often overlooked (or over-simplified) driver of conflict and peacebuilding, but can also, if sometimes counter-intuitively, lead to increased vulnerability for men and boys, especially related to violence.

This report aims to analyze conflict, armed actors and peacebuilding efforts from a comprehensive gender analysis perspective, considering the different impacts of conflict on women, men and those with diverse sexual orientations and gender identities (SOGI) in Myanmar.