Elsie Initiative for Women in Peace Operations: Baseline Study

Authored by: Marta Ghittoni, Léa Lehouck and Callum Watson

Categories: Peace Support Operations
Sub-Categories: Peacekeeping
Region: No Region
Year: 2018
Citation: Ghittoni, Marta, et al. Elsie Initiative for Women in Peace Operations: Baseline Study. Geneva Centre for the Democratic Control of Armed Forces, 2018.

Access the Resource:


The proportion of female police and military peacekeepers remains well below UN targets. Research suggests that the main reason behind the small numbers seems to be a variety of challenges and barriers to uniformed women deploying to PKOs. This baseline study compiles and analyses research published to date on the topic.

The study was commissioned by Global Affairs Canada (GAC) in the framework of the Elsie Initiative for Women in Peace Operations. The main objectives of this study are to describe the current situation as concerns women’s participation in military and police roles in United Nations peacekeeping operations, document international good practice to increase such participation, and identify challenges and barriers to the recruitment, training, retention, deployment and promotion of uniformed women in peacekeeping operations.