Female Political Participation: A Cross-Cultural Explanation

Authored by: Marc Howard Ross

Categories: Statebuilding
Sub-Categories: Democratization and Political Participation, Political Transitions
Region: No Region
Year: 1986
Citation: Ross, Marc Howard. "Female Political Participation: A Cross-Cultural Explanation." American Anthropologist 88, no. 4 (1986): 843-858.

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In this paper I seek to understand societal-level mechanisms associated with gender-based inclusion and exclusion from political life. The analysis finds two conceptually and statistically independent forms of female political participation: involvement in decision making, and the existence of organizations and/or positions controlled by, or reserved for, women. A multivariate analysis of data from 90 preindustrial societies identifies social structural, psychocultural, and behavioral variables affecting female inclusion and exclusion, and their role in a theory of female political participation is discussed.