From Remedial Action to Women’s Empowerment: Implications of the US National Action Plan for PMSCs

Authored by: Kristen A. Cordell

Categories: Peace Support Operations
Sub-Categories: Human Development, International Agreements, National Security Forces and Armed Groups, Peacemaking, Security Sector Reform (SSR), Sexual and Gender-Based Violence (SGBV)
Country: United States
Region: North America
Year: 2012
Citation: Cordell, Kristen A. "From Remedial Action to Women's Empowerment: Implications of the US National Action Plan for PMSCs." Journal of International Peace Operations 7, no. 4 (2012): 12-13.

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On December 19th 2011 the National Action Plan on Women Peace and Security (NAP) was announced as the blueprint for integrating women across all post conflict nation building activities. In 32 other countries, the NAP has come to be the central vehicle for empowering women across the stability and defense communities. The United States Government’s final product reflects a relatively forward leaning approach to contractors, including commitments to improving the collection of sex-disaggregated data, efforts to inform program design with context-relevant gender analysis, and ensuring women’s equal participation in training, education and program activities. Within the plan’s development, one core challenge was outlining the role that Private Military and Security Companies (PMSCs) would play, and what mandates should govern their relationships with the USG when it comes to gender.