Gender-based Violence Risk Assessment Azraq Camp

Authored by: Danish Refugee Council

Categories: Human Rights, Humanitarian Emergencies
Sub-Categories: COVID-19, Economic Participation, Economic Recovery, Human Development, Migration, Sexual and Gender-Based Violence (SGBV), Sexual and Reproductive Health
Country: Jordan
Region: Middle East and North Africa
Year: 2021
Citation: "Gender-based Violence Risk Assessment Azraq Camp." Danish Refugee Council. March 2021.

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Executive Summary

This report outlines the findings of a GBV Risk Assessment conducted in Azraq Camp from September to November 2020. The assessment drew on a GBV Risk Assessment tool developed by the national GBV Working Group to assess the GBV risks in a specific community or setting. Data collection for the Risk Assessment was conducted by protection actors working in the camp, and included 29 focus group discussions (FGDs) with a cross section of male and female Syrian participants living in the camp. The FGDs were supported by Key Informant Interviews, with 11 key informants working in protection and management roles in the camp. The assessment aimed to better understand GBV risks within the camp, with a specific focus on residents’ coping mechanisms and suggestions for mitigating the risks associated with GBV in this setting.

The findings of the assessment present a concerning picture of widespread GBV within Azraq camp, with women and girls particularly affected. For women, sexual harassment/assault, emotional and verbal abuse, and domestic violence were the most commonly discussed forms of violence, by residents and Key Informants alike, along with the impact of child marriage. For girls, verbal and emotional abuse, sexual harassment/assault and child marriage were the most commonly discussed safety concerns, with the latter mentioned most frequently (in 17 of the 29 FGDs). Worryingly, the majority of FGDs concluded that the levels and intensity of violence had notably increased since the onset of COVID-19 pandemic.