Gender, Conflict, and Development

Authored by: Tsjeard Bouta, Georg Frerks, Ian Bannon

Categories: Violent Conflict
Sub-Categories: Democratization and Political Participation, Disarmament Demobilization and Reintegration (DDR), Human Development, National Security Forces and Armed Groups, Peacemaking, Post-Conflict Reconstruction, Sexual and Gender-Based Violence (SGBV)
Region: No Region
Year: 2005
Citation: Bouta, Tsjeard, Georg Frerks, and Ian Bannon. Gender, Conflict, and Development. Washington, DC: The World Bank, 2005.

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This review addresses the gender dimensions of intrastate conflict. It is organized around eight areas or themes that are related to the World Bank’s agenda on gender, conflict, and development: (i) gender and warfare; (ii) gender and sexual violence; (iii) gender and formal peace processes; (iv) gender and informal peace processes; (v) gender and the post-conflict legal framework; (vi) gender and work; (vii) gender and rehabilitating social services; and (viii) gender and community-driven development. For each theme, the authors have analyzed the gender-specific roles of women and men before, during, and after conflict, the gender role changes throughout conflict, the development challenges in sustaining positive gender role changes and mitigating negative effects, and the policy options for addressing these gender roles, dynamics, and challenges. The suggested policy options are intended to be gender- as well as conflict-sensitive, and ideally should contribute to more equal gender relations. The relevance and applicability of the policy options are identified and key considerations outlined that the Bank would need to take into account in assessing policy options. Finally, further research areas are suggested on the gender, conflict, and development nexus.