Gender, Displacement and Climate Change

Authored by: Andrew Harper and Kira Vinke

Categories: Human Rights, Humanitarian Emergencies
Sub-Categories: Climate and Environment, Economic Participation, Human Development, Sexual and Gender-Based Violence (SGBV)
Region: No Region
Year: 2020
Citation: Harper, Andrew and Kira Vinke. "Gender, Displacement and Climate Change." United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees. November 2020.

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Executive Summary

Climate change impacts people differently according to their gender roles and responsibilities. Combined with other characteristics such as age, race, ethnicity, socio-economic status, and geographical location, it contributes to differing vulnerabilities and displacement dynamics.

Gender inequalities can render women particularly vulnerable to climate hazards. Women’s and girl’s participation and empowerment is key to addressing disaster displacement and its harmful outcomes, such as increased risk of sexual and gender-based violence among other risks.

Adopting a “gender” lens allows us to understand the power imbalances, discrimination and inequality exacerbated by climate change and how to redress them. It helps highlight women’s important role in leading sustainable transformations.