Gender, Violence, and International Crisis

Authored by: Mary Caprioli and Mark A. Boyer

Categories: Conflict Prevention, Violent Conflict
Region: No Region
Year: 2001
Citation: Caprioli, Mary, and Mark A. Boyer. "Gender, Violence, and International Crisis." The Journal of Conflict Resolution 45, no. 4 (2001): 503-18.

Access the Resource:


Women work for peace, and men wage war-cooperative women, conflictual men. These images pervade conventional wisdom about the efficacy of women in leadership roles and decision-making environments, but imagery is not always grounded in reality. Feminist international relations literature is examined to understand how domestic gender equality may help predict a state’s international crisis behavior. The authors use the record of female leaders as primary decision makers during international crises and then test the relationship between domestic gender equality and a state’s use of violence internationally. The International Crisis Behavior (ICB) data set and multinomial logistic regression are used to test the level of violence exhibited during international crises by states with varying levels of domestic gender equality. Results show that the severity of violence in crisis decreases as domestic gender equality increases.