HIV Transmission as a Form of Gender-based Violence

Experiences of Women in Tigray, Ethiopia

Authored by: Muireann Ní Raghallaigh, Sarah Morton, Mary Allen

Categories: Human Rights, Humanitarian Emergencies, Violent Conflict
Sub-Categories: Human Development, National Security Forces and Armed Groups, Sexual and Gender-Based Violence (SGBV), Sexual and Reproductive Health
Country: Ethiopia
Region: Sub-Saharan Africa
Year: 2015
Citation: Ní Raghallaigh, Muireann, Sarah Morton, and Mary Allen. “HIV Transmission as a Form of Gender-Based Violence: Experiences of Women in Tigray, Ethiopia.” International Social Work 60, no. 4 (July 2017): 941–53.

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Gender-based violence and HIV have a particular impact on women in sub-Saharan Africa. Drawing on qualitative research with women in Ethiopia, this article explores the intersection between these two issues. It examines HIV transmission in the context of both intimate partner violence and wider gender-based violence, focusing on infidelity, multiple sexual partners, rape and sex work. We argue that the participants viewed HIV transmission as a form of gender-based violence in its own right. Women often could not afford to protect themselves from either gender-based violence or HIV because of gender inequality and poverty.