Interlinkages between Trafficking in Persons and Marriage

Authored by: Minna Viuhko, Anniina Jokinen

Categories: Human Rights, Humanitarian Emergencies
Sub-Categories: Access to Justice and Rule of Law, Economic Participation, Human Development, Sexual and Gender-Based Violence (SGBV), Sexual and Reproductive Health
Region: No Region
Year: 2020
Citation: Viuhko, Minna and Anniina Jokinen. "Interlinkages between Trafficking in Persons and Marriage." United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime. October 2020.

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Executive Summary

The present issue paper explores the extent and circumstances under which different forms of marriage may fall within the scope of the Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children, supplementing the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime. It combines research methodology and legal analysis to arrive at policy recommendations for countries to consider. The primary data collection was based on 75 expert interviews, involving almost 150 participants from nine countries. The interview tool was constructed in a deliberately broad manner to elicit conversations that would capture the reality of these phenomena, which manifested themselves differently in every country, and not to rush to conclusions about whether the conduct fell within the scope of the Trafficking in Persons Protocol.