Militarized Peace: Understanding Post-conflict Violence in the Wake of the Peace Deal in Colombia

Authored by: Sara Meger and Julia Sachseder

Categories: Conflict Prevention, Human Rights, Peace Support Operations
Sub-Categories: Economic Participation, Economic Recovery, Human Development, Peace Accords, Political Transitions, Post-Conflict Reconstruction, Sexual and Gender-Based Violence (SGBV)
Country: Colombia
Region: Latin America and the Caribbean
Year: 2020
Citation: Meger, Sara and Julia Sachseder. "Militarized Peace: Understanding Post-conflict Violence in the Wake of the Peace Deal in Colombia." Globalizations 17, no. 6 (2020).

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After more than 50 years of war, in 2016, the Colombian government signed a historic peace accord with the country’s largest rebel group, the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC). Although the cessation of hostilities between the rebel group and the government is a monumental step, violence remains rife in the country. By drawing attention to the correlation between neoliberal economic development in the country and militarism, this paper sheds light on several structural issues that have been left potentially unresolved by the peace negotiations, each with the potential to ignite further violence. We introduce the concept of militaristic neoliberalism to argue that there is a fundamental link between Colombia’s neoliberal development and a culture of militarism, which relies on gendered and racialized constructions of ‘self’ and ‘other’, that exacerbate structural inequalities and severely hampers prospects for achieving peace for many of Colombia’s citizens post-conflict.