Models of Gender and Political Participation in the United States

Authored by: Cal Clark and Janet Clark

Categories: Statebuilding
Sub-Categories: Democratization and Political Participation, Political Transitions
Country: United States
Region: North America
Year: 1986
Citation: Clark, Cal and Janet Clark. "Models of Gender and Political Participation in the United States." Women and Politics 6, no. 1 (1986): 5-25.

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This paper examines three alternative explanations for the relationship between gender and participation that focus upon: (1) childhood socialization, (2) adult role socialization and (3) structural factors of socioeconomic status. The data analysis of the Verba-Nie study of political participation in America finds some support for all three models, suggesting that the linkages between gender and participation are influences by a complex set of factors. Evidently, the adult role socializaiton and structural perspectives provide a more sophisticated elaboration of childhood socialization theory by specifying conditions that modify the strength of socialization into traditional female roles.