Security Sector Reform in Peace Agreements

Authored by: Eboe Hutchful

Categories: Statebuilding
Sub-Categories: Peace Accords, Political Transitions, Security Sector Reform (SSR)
Country: Mozambique, Zimbabwe, South Africa, Sudan, Burundi, Democratic Republic of Congo, Sierra Leone, Liberia, El Salvador, Guatemala, East Timor
Region: East Asia and the Pacific
Year: 2009
Citation: Hutchful, Eboe. Security Sector Reform in Peace Agreements. Birmingham: Global Facilitation Network for Security Sector Reform, 2009.

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Peace agreements form a crucial entry point for security sector reform (SSR). However, there has been little consistency in the way that security sector reform provisions have been approached (or implemented) in peace agreements. This report is the result of a research project which examines peace agreements from eight countries in Africa (Mozambique, Zimbabwe, South Africa, Sudan, Burundi, DRC, Sierra Leone and Liberia), two from Central America (El Salvador and Guatemala) and one from Asia (East Timor). The report demonstrates that there is a potentially high price to be paid for failing to integrate issues of SSR into peace negotiations and agreements at the very outset, or for doing so in a selective and shallow manner. The risks are detailed and recommendations for future provisions in peace agreements are presented.