Strategies for Including Women’s and LGBTI Groups in the Colombian Peace Process

Authored by: José Alvarado Cóbar

Categories: Conflict Prevention, Human Rights, Peace Support Operations
Sub-Categories: Access to Justice and Rule of Law, De-escalation and Preventive Diplomacy, Democratization and Political Participation, Economic Participation, Human Development, National Action Plans, Peacemaking, Post-Conflict Reconstruction, Sexual and Gender-Based Violence (SGBV), UN Resolutions
Country: Colombia
Region: Latin America and the Caribbean
Year: 2020
Citation: Alvarado Cóbar, José. "Strategies for Including Women’s and LGBTI Groups in the Colombian Peace Process." Stockholm International Peace Research Institute. November 2020.

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Executive Summary

In order to have a more nuanced understanding of inclusive peace processes, it is important to understand how civil society can connect to formal peace negotiations. The Colombian peace negotiation process is highly regarded as one of the most inclusive processes; involving civil society groups from diverse backgrounds, including both women’s and lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender/ transsexual and intersex (LGBTI) groups. But how do these groups leverage influence among the main conflict actors, and what specific challenges and opportunities do they face?

This paper applies a conflict resolution and negotiation framework to assess the involvement of women’s and LGBTI groups in the most recent Colombian peace negotiation process. In doing so, the suggested framework provides a practical application of conflict resolution and negotiation strategies that can further complement discussions on inclusion of marginalized groups in other peace negotiation processes.