The Effects of Armed Conflict on Girls and Women

Authored by: Susan McKay

Categories: Humanitarian Emergencies, Violent Conflict
Sub-Categories: National Security Forces and Armed Groups, Sexual and Gender-Based Violence (SGBV), Sexual and Reproductive Health
Region: No Region
Year: 1998
Citation: McKay, Susan. "The Effects of Armed Conflict on Girls and Women." Peace and Conflict: Journal of Peace Psychology 4, no. 4 (1998): 381-392.

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Discusses the gender-specific effects of armed conflict on girls and women that are addressed by the 1996 G. Machel Study on the impact of armed conflict on children. Among the most traumatic of these effects is sexual exploitation and gender-based violence, each having profound psychosocial consequences. Other gendered effects occur when girls are recruited as child soldiers, girls and women become internally and externally displaced refugees, and public health services, such as reproductive health care, are inadequate or unavailable. The Machel Study emphasizes women’s proactive roles as peacebuilders and challenges governmental and non-governmental organizations to focus greater attention upon building women’s capacities in order to better protect children’s physical and psychosocial well-being.