Towards Inclusive Peace

Analyzing Gender-Sensitive Peace Agreements 2000–2016

Authored by: Jacqui True, Yolanda Riveros-Morales

Categories: Peace Support Operations, Statebuilding
Sub-Categories: Democratization and Political Participation, Human Development, Peace Accords, Peacemaking, Post-Conflict Reconstruction
Region: No Region
Year: 2018
Citation: True, Jacqui, and Yolanda Riveros-Morales. “Towards Inclusive Peace: Analysing Gender-Sensitive Peace Agreements 2000–2016.” International Political Science Review, (November 2018)

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Executive Summary

The presence of gender provisions in peace agreements affects women’s participation in post-conflict societies as well as the chances that a post-conflict society will move towards gender equality. While there is an overall upward trend in the number of references to women’s rights and gender equality in peace agreements, gender-sensitive agreements are not a given. Why and how are peace agreements with gender provisions adopted? We use statistical analysis to explain why some peace agreements adopt gender provisions while others have no such provisions. Based on an analysis of 98 peace agreements across 55 countries between 2000 and 2016, we find that peace agreements are significantly more likely to have gender provisions when women participate in elite peace processes. Our study also shows that the likelihood of achieving a peace agreement with gender provisions increases when women’s representation in national parliaments increases and when women’s civil society participation is significant.