Women’s Participation in Peace Negotiations and the Durability of Peace

Authored by: Jana Krause, Werner Krause, and Piia Bränfors

Categories: Peace Support Operations
Sub-Categories: Peacemaking, Post-Conflict Reconstruction
Region: No Region
Year: 2018
Citation: Krause, Jana, Wener Krause, and Piia Bränfors. "Women’s Participation in Peace Negotiations and the Durability of Peace." International Interactions 44, no. 6 (August 2018).

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There is an emerging consensus that women’s participation in peace negotiations contributes to the quality and durability of peace after civil war. However, to date, this proposition has remained empirically untested. Moreover, how women’s participation may contribute to durable peace has not been systematically explored. This article uses a mixed method design to examine this proposition. The statistical analysis demonstrates a robust correlation between peace agreements signed by female delegates and durable peace. The authors further find that agreements signed by women show a significantly higher number of peace agreement provisions aimed at political reform, and higher implementation rates for provisions. They argue that linkages between women signatories and women civil society groups explain the observed positive impact of women’s direct participation in peace negotiations. Collaboration and knowledge building among diverse women groups contributes to better content of peace agreements and higher implementation rates of agreement provisions. They substantiate this argument with qualitative case study evidence and demonstrate how collaboration between female delegates and women civil society groups positively impacts peace processes. Their findings support the assumption that women’s participation in peace negotiations increases the durability and the quality of peace.