Inclusive Peace in Afghanistan


The Taliban have taken control of Afghanistan, and the lives of Afghan women and girls are in danger. For two decades, Afghan women have been leading efforts to build a brighter future for Afghanistan, working hand-in-hand with the United States. Now, the Taliban is targeting Afghan women activists and threatening their lives. The Georgetown Institute for Women, Peace and Security (GIWPS) is calling attention to the pressing need to preserve the gains that Afghan women have made over the last two decades. GIWPS provides policymakers, thought leaders, and advocates with tools to understand the perspectives of Afghan women.

Protect Afghan Women Project

The women of Afghanistan urgently need our help. Join the Protect Afghan Women campaign to make a donation or take action to support at-risk Afghan activists. ​Sign the petition to urge the US Government to evacuate at-risk women and their families.

Share our campaign on Twitter, Facebook, or Instagram with the hashtag #ProtectAfghanWomen.

A copy of a social media graphic with the link to the Save Afghan Women campaign website is included to draw visual attention to the URL and attract donations.

Research Initiatives

We are working to provide scholars and policymakers with tools to understand the perspectives of Afghan women and the implications of the current negotiations on regional and global stability.

Dr. Ayse Kadayifci-Orellana is developing a Toolkit on Islamic Sources of Peace, Democracy and Women’s Rights for Afghan Women Negotiators. The Taliban have used their extreme religious ideology to exclude women from access to education and full participation in their society. However, Islamic tradition offers a strong framework to build democratic and equitable institutions that respect human rights as well as women’s rights.

Dr. Jessica Smith explores how Everyday Peace Indicators (EPI) can be used to inform and strengthen Women, Peace and Security in Afghanistan. The project analyzes EPI datasets to investigate how locally defined indicators – and women and men’s local experiences of peace and security – relate to the four pillars of the WPS Agenda: prevention, protection, participation, and relief and recovery.

Our research team has also measured and ranked Afghan women’s inclusion in society, access to justice, and security through our Women, Peace and Security Index. We also published articles on how to advance women’s participation in Track II peace processes; and how to bridge women’s participation in Track I and Track II peace processes.

Engaging Global Stakeholders

Together with our partners, GIWPS convenes key policymakers and stakeholders at strategic moments to produce concrete recommendations to advance women’s meaningful inclusion.

Over 100 global leaders and foreign policy experts emphatically stated that peace cannot be made on the backs of Afghan women. The statement—signed by 26 former presidents and prime ministers, and 34 foreign ministers including 5 former U.S. Secretaries of State—calls for Afghan women’s full participation in the intra-Afghan peace process. The statement was led by Secretary Madeleine Albright and coordinated by the Georgetown Institute for Women, Peace and Security. It received extensive media coverage, and, more importantly, reached key decision-makers.

Explore the video recordings and press releases from the high-level panel discussions we have organized featuring scholars, diplomats, and Afghan women leaders:

A Conversation with Ambassador Roya Rahmani

September 9, 2021: Afghanistan’s first female ambassador to the United States, Roya Rahmani, discussed the unfolding crisis in Afghanistan under Taliban rule, particularly as it impacts women and girls. She shared her views on events relating to the evacuation of at-risk women and their families as well as the future of those who remain in the country. She also shared possible interventions by the international community to safeguard women’s lives and rights.

Ambassador Roya Rahmani is currently a distinguished fellow at the Georgetown Institute for Women, Peace and Security. She previously served as Afghan ambassador to the United States and non-resident ambassador to Mexico, Argentina, Colombia, and the Dominican Republic.

International Support for Afghan Women’s Rights

March 19, 2021: The Permanent Missions of Afghanistan, the United Kingdom, and the United States, on behalf of the Group of Friends of Women in Afghanistan, with the Georgetown Institute for Women, Peace and Security, held a High Level Panel Discussion on International Support for Afghan Women’s Rights. Speakers included: H.E. Barbara Woodward, Ambassador and Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom to the UN; H.E. Elisabeth Millard, Acting ECOSOC Ambassador of the United States to the United Nations; H.E. Rula Ghani, First Lady of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan; H.E. Eva-Maria Liimets, Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Estonia; H.E. Audun Halvorsen, State Secretary to the Minister of Foreign Affairs of Norway; H.R.H. the Countess of Wessex; H.E. Rosemary DiCarlo, ​Under-Secretary-General for Political and Peacebuilding Affairs, UN; H.E. Andreas von Brandt, Ambassador of the European Union to Afghanistan; Ms. Mary Akrami, Executive Director, of the Afghan Women’s Network (AWN); Ms. Shkula Zadran, Afghan Youth Representative to The United Nations; Ambassador Melanne Verveer, Executive Director, Georgetown Institute for Women, Peace and Security; H.E. Adela Raz, Ambassador and Permanent Representative of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan to the UN.

The U.S.-Taliban Deal – One Year On 

March 3, 2021: The Georgetown Institute for Women, Peace and Security and the Atlantic Council hosted an expert discussion on the state of the Afghan peace process on March 3, 2021. Panelists included Amb. James Cunningham, Former U.S. Ambassador to Afghanistan and Nonresident Senior Fellow at the Atlantic Council’s South Asia Center; Amb. Franz-Michael Skjold Mellbin, Former EU Special Representative for Afghanistan and Pakistan; Fatima Gailani, Member of The Negotiating Team of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan; and Ghizaal Haress, Ombudsperson for the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan.

Standing with Afghan Women: Ensuring Meaningful Inclusion in the Upcoming Intra-Afghan Peace Talks

July 28, 2020: Distinguished speakers included: The Hon. Madeleine K. Albright, former U.S. Secretary of State and Mortara Distinguished Professor of Diplomacy, Georgetown University; H.E. Staffan de Mistura, former Under Secretary-General and UN Special Envoy to Iraq, Afghanistan, and Syria; H.E. Shukria Barakzai, former Ambassador of Afghanistan to Norway; and Ms. Nargis Nehan, former Afghan Minister of Mines, Petroleum and Industries and Founder of EQUALITY for Peace and Democracy. Read the event press release for a summary of their proposals.

A Critical Moment for Afghan Women

March 10, 2020: The Group of Friends of Women in Afghanistan, led by Afghanistan and the United Kingdom, and the Georgetown Institute for Women, Peace, and Security held an interactive discussion on the Afghan Peace Process at the United Nations. Distinguished speakers included Former Secretary Hillary Rodham Clinton.

Advancing Women’s Meaningful Participation to Resolve Conflict and Build Peace in Afghanistan

September 25, 2019: Distinguished speakers included: H.E. Adela Raz, Ambassador and Permanent Representative, Afghanistan; H.E. Mr. Hamdullah Mohib, National Security Advisor, Afghanistan; H.E. Ambassador Markus Potzel, Special Representative of the Federal Government for Afghanistan and Pakistan, Germany; H.E. Mr. Peter Eriksson, Minister for International Development Cooperation, Sweden; Asa Regner, Assistant-Secretary Gender & Deputy Executive Director, UN Women; Ms. Myriam Safi, Founder and Executive Director, Organization for Policy Research and Development Studies. This event was co-sponsored by the Permanent Missions of Afghanistan, Germany, and Sweden to the United Nations, UN Women, and the Georgetown Institute for Women, Peace and Security.

Ensuring an Inclusive Afghan Peace Process

July 11, 2019: During the event, the US envoy leading peace negotiations with the Taliban, Ambassador Zalmay Khalilzad, provided an update on the peace process and reaffirmed his commitment to including Afghan women at the negotiating table. Distinguished speakers included Acting Assistant Secretary of the Bureau of South and Central Asian Affairs Alice Wells, Representative Michael Waltz [R-FL6], Representative Chrissy Houlahan [D-PA-6], Ambassador Roya Rahmani, Palwasha Kakar, Wania Yad, Arash Azizzada, Mary Akrami, Asila Wardak, and Ghizaal Haress.

Amplifying the Voices of Afghan Women Leaders

It is essential that stakeholders hear directly from Afghan women regarding their needs and strategies for protecting their rights.

Peacebuilders Mary Akrami (Afghan Women’s Network) and Palwasha Hassan (Afghan Women’s Educational Center) spoke out about misconceptions about Afghan women in an interview with with GIWPS Research Assistant Hareem Fatima. Learn more about their views on religion, women’s rights, and the peace talks with the Taliban via the GIWPS blog.

We asked Afghan women leaders from government and civil society about the state of the peace negotiations and the role of the international community in Afghanistan’s future. Find their answers to the most “frequently asked questions” about the Afghan peace process on the GIWPS blog.

In the video below, Mary Akrami (Afghan Women’s Network), Palwasha Hassan (Afghan Women’s Educational Center), Nargis Nehan (Former Minister of Mines, Petroleum, and Industries), and Mariam Safi (Organization for Policy Research and Development Studies) explain how they would end the “forever” war in Afghanistan.

Photo of Muqadasa Ahmadzai

GIWPS Executive Director Amb. Melanne Verveer recently interviewed 27-year-old Afghan activist Muqadasa Ahmadzai, featured above, on our Seeking Peace podcast. Muqadasa tells us about the network of women activists she leads, their involvement in peace-building activities, and how they are fighting disinformation about COVID-19 in Taliban strongholds.

In the News

We speak to national and international press about our original research on Afghanistan and the need for an inclusive peace process.

WTOP News: ‘We left them behind’: March near White House calls on US to prioritize women leaders in Afghan evacuations

Washington Post: Activists march to White House in support of Afghan women

National Geographic: These women fled Afghanistan. What’s at stake for those left behind?

MSNBC: ‘Women are being terrorized’: Amb. Melanne Verveer leads initiative to protect Afghan women

USA Today: As Harris travels to Asia, activists push her to speak out for women fleeing Taliban in Afghanistan

New York Times: How to Help Afghan Refugees and the Relief Effort

Ms. Magazine: Feminist Leaders Implore Biden-Harris Administration: Don’t Abandon Afghan Women and Girls

NPR: What Women’s Advocacy Groups Worldwide Are Doing For Women In Afghanistan

Voice of America: Amb. Verveer discuss future of Afghan women & Taliban return

Washington Post: Here are four concrete actions the U.S. should take immediately to help Afghan women activists

New York Times: Afghan Peace Talks Begin This Week. Here’s What to Know

New York Times: What Do Sweden and Mexico Have in Common? A Feminist Foreign Policy

Washington Post: Global public figures say women must be included at every stage of Taliban-Afghan government peace talks

Forbes: Women, Peace And Security – Challenges And Opportunities In Light Of The Corona Pandemic

Forbes: Men, Women And The Changing Shape Of Military Muscle

CNN: Afghan mayor honored as ‘woman of courage’ implores Pompeo to uphold women’s rights after Taliban deal

CNN: Don’t abandon the women of Afghanistan

Foreign Policy Magazine: With the Women, Peace, and Security Act, Washington Could Be a Model for the World

Foreign Policy Magazine: Why Women are a Foreign Policy Issue

Foreign Policy Magazine: Women, Peace and Security in Afghanistan

Foreign Policy Magazine: Betrayed

Foreign Policy Magazine: Keeping Faith in Afghanistan

Center for Strategic and International Studies: Setting Conditions for the Right Outcome in Afghanistan

Al Jazeera: Afghan Women

USA Today: Afghanistan peace talks: Lasting peace is impossible without women at the negotiating table

PassBlue: Women’s Rights Are Human Rights: How Equality Became a US Foreign Policy Priority

The Hill: Afghan Women are Essential for Peace

Voice of America: Interview with Melanne Verveer about the Doha Talks One Year On

Ms. Magazine: Despite Peace Agreement, Taliban Wages Ongoing Violence in Afghanistan; Women’s Rights and Fragile Democracy At Stake, Hillary Clinton Says

National Geographic: The Best And Worst Countries for Women

Anadolu: Afghans see hope on horizon as peace talks commence

Atlantic Council: Women must be meaningfully included in the Afghan peace negotiations

NATO: Strength is in gender diversity and equality

Georgetown: Afghanistan First Lady Joins Bush, Clinton, on U.S.-Afghan Women’s Council

Asia Foundation: No Country Can Get Ahead That Leaves Half its People Behind

IRC: Next steps in the drive for gender equality in crisis settings: How a feminist approach can help

The Georgetown Voice: New edition of Women, Peace and Security Index unveiled