Report | January 2021

Executive Summary

Gender disparities and discriminatory norms put women at a disadvantage in situations of conflict or crisis and can increase their vulnerability to climate impacts. These same inequalities also inhibit their participation in discussions, forums, and spaces dedicated to addressing these threats. Thus, it is critical to address structural barriers to women’s participation.

Women at the grassroots are uniquely positioned to contribute to sustainable natural resource management, climate-resilient communities, and enhanced peace and stability. For policymakers and practitioners, promoting women’s contributions can accelerate gains across peace, conservation, and sustainability.

Chapter 1 of the report explores the linkages between climate change and conflict and how gender is a cross-cutting lens through which people experience both issues.

Chapter 2 investigates the gaps in frameworks, policy, knowledge, and evidence within the climate-gender-conflict nexus. It outlines that while commitments and action continue to advance gender equality globally, policymakers and practitioners are siloed in their respective climate, gender, and security spheres.

Chapter 3 studies how the dynamics of climate change and conflict are unfolding in Colombia, Sudan, and Nepal and how in each case, women are contributing to enhanced peace and sustainability in their local communities despite gendered obstacles.

The final chapter of the report is a real-time call for policymakers and practitioners to invest in research and policy within the climate-gender-conflict nexus and address five priority areas of action:

  1. Buffer the disproportionate vulnerabilities women bear from climate change impacts.
  2. Center women as crucial actors in climate, peace, and security.
  3. Strengthen linkages between the different levels and sectors in the climate-gender-conflict nexus.
  4. Address knowledge gaps within the nexus.
  5. Promote women’s leadership in climate-related conflict mitigation and prevention and reduce barriers to inclusion.

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